Public speaking is the process of speaking to a group of people in a structured, deliberate manner intended to inform, influence, or entertain the listeners. It is closely allied to "presenting", although the latter has more of a commercial connotation.
- The use of gestures
- Control of the voice (inflection)
- Vocabulary, register, word choice
- Speaking notes, pithches
- Using humor
- Developing a relationship with the audience
Practice public speaking skills after receiving professional training is a time-tested approach to developing one’;s ability to speak well. It is difficult to really receive any formal training, but Forensics can still be taught and practiced by those seeking to improve their public communication skills.
The objectives of a public speaker’;s presentation can range from simply transmitting information, to motivating people to act, to simply telling a story.
Professional public speakers often engage in ongoing training and education to refine their craft. This may include seeking guidance to improve their speaking skills—such as learning better storytelling techniques, for example, or learning how to effectively use humor as a communication tool—as well as continuous research in their topic area of focus.
People who speak publicly in a professional capacity are paid a speaking fee. Professional public speakers may include ex-politicians, sports stars and other public figures. In the case of high profile personalities, the sum can be extraordinary.
The common fear of public speaking is called glossophobia (or, informally, "stage fright").
Public speaking and oration are sometimes considered some of the most importantly valued skills that an individual can possess. This skill can be used for almost anything.
Most great speakers have a natural ability to display the skills and effectiveness that can help to engage and move an audience for whatever purpose. Language and rhetoric use are among two of the most important aspects of public speaking and interpersonal communication.
Having knowledge and understanding of the use and purpose of communication can help to make a more effective speaker communicate their message in an effectual way.
Noted orators: Ancient and medieval
- Thiruvalluvar, Ancient Tamil Poet
- Alexander the Great
- Perikles, Athenian statesman
- Aspasia, Pericles’; spouse
- The ten Attic orators (Greece)
- Julius Caesar, Roman dictator
- Claudius Aelianus, meliglossos, ‘;honey-tongued’;
- Decimus Magnus Ausonius
- Domitius Afer
- Francesco Petrarch, father of humanism
- Gaius Scribonius Curio
- Hegesippus, Athenian
- Hermagoras of Temnos, Rhodian school
- Cato the Elder, Roman calling for the final Punic war
- Licinius Macer Calvus, Roman poet and orator
- Marcus Antonius Orator, Roman
- Marcus Licinius Crassus, Roman
- Paul of Tarsus, thirteenth apostle
- Peter the Hermit, calling for the First Crusade
- Quintus Hortensius
- Marcus Fabius Quintilianus
- Seneca the Rhetorician, father of Nero’;s better-known teacher